The Nursing Now campaign, launched today, is run in collaboration with the International Council of Nurses and the World Health Organisation.
It seeks to empower nurses to take their place at the heart of tackling 21st century health challenges and runs until the end of 2020 – the 200th anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s birth.
At the centre of the campaign is a call to support nurses to make changes and improve health locally, nationally and globally – a vision very close to the work of QNIS: improving the health and well-being of the people of Scotland by promoting excellence in community nursing.
Over the next few months, QNIS will showcase the wide range of roles involved in community nursing, focusing on those working today, those who have retired and student nurses looking to pursue a career nursing in the community.
Our first post in the series features district nurse Ally Lister – one of the first cohort of Scotland’s modern Queen’s Nurses; Kay Boyde a retired Queen’s Nurse, who has not stopped in her role of supporting people in her local area; and student Helena Buley, who shares her reflections on what a career in community nursing could offer.
The old matron’s house at Fleming Cottage Hospital in Aberlour is buzzing with activity. In the kitchen, tea is on the boil and biscuits are being arranged on plates. In the waiting room, a group of ladies is busy putting paperwork in order: there is a laptop computer on the desk, and a long list of appointments to get through.
This is the Speyside Leg Club, a community-run initiative that brings specialist nursing care to people living with debilitating leg problems. “They come from far and wide, seeking help for skin problems, ulcers and swelling,” says District Nurse Ally Lister. “When they’re healed, people are encouraged to keep coming back to maintain their leg health.”
In a practice room, a nurse and a Health Care Assistant (HCA) see patients one-by-one. They have a Doppler scanner to help them assess the condition of blood vessels; they treat where possible, and advise on the best way to manage a wide range of leg conditions.
It feels more like a social club than a clinic, as folk gather to chat. “You meet an awful lot of people here, and friendship groups build up,” says Leg Club Secretary Anke Grant, who attended the first-ever meeting back in November 2005. “People feel at home. We’ve all got the same problems, and they know they can rely on us.”
A highly-qualified District Nurse of long-standing in this part of Morayshire, Ally was the driving force behind the formation of this, Scotland’s first Leg Club. She knew first-hand that there were lots of people living with conditions such as leg ulcers, varicose veins and lymphoedema, and wanted to do something to support them better. “These can be very painful conditions, and incredibly isolating,” she says. “Wounds can be smelly and leak, and people are often too embarrassed to venture out. It really limits their quality of life.”
The Leg Club’s part-time treasurer, Betty Strathdee from Craigellachie, first came several years ago for help with an insect bite that had gone bad. It was cleared up within six weeks, but she kept coming back. “It’s an extremely valuable service,” she says. “I have never heard anybody say it’s a waste of time.”
Tissue viability is Ally Lister’s specialist interest and she is the area’s lead in that, offering specialist advice and support to local clinicians. As Team Leader for community nursing for Keith and Fochabers, she is also responsible for developing the service to meet patients’ needs.
The Community Nursing team – seven community Staff Nurses and two Health Care Assistants – covers a large patch stretching from Spey Bay to the borders of Aberdeenshire, an area inhabited by 10,500 people. “There’s a lot of wound care, and palliative and terminal care,” says Ally. “We are changing the way we work to enable us to do more.”
Operating from health centres in Keith and Fochabers, they have recently started working as one large team. “We share a caseload and as we provide weekend cover, we all need to know a little about everybody,” says Ally. “It’s a change that makes sense.”
The community nurses here can admit directly to the Turner Memorial Hospital in Keith, and have excellent working relationships with local GPs. They do home visits, seeing younger people with terminal illnesses and following accidents, post-operative patients, and older people who can’t make it in to the surgery. “We have to work in different ways to meet all their needs,” says Ally, who is the only nurse prescriber on the team. “We need to be imaginative and creative to rise to the challenges we face.”
Supporting innovation in community nursing is the remit of the Queen’s Nursing Institute Scotland, which has just appointed its first new Queen’s Nurses in 50 years. Ally Lister is one of only 20 in the country to carry the title. “It is giving me permission to step into areas I had previously not been bold enough to go,” she says. “What I am learning about as a Queen’s Nurse will benefit the patients, my staff, and the NHS as a whole.”
More determined than ever to transform her service, Ally has embarked on a project to up-skill seven health care assistants on the Pitgaveney community team. They provide care for patients across the whole of Moray, working alongside all the Community Nursing Teams.
She has introduced a bespoke training programme for them in pressure care management. HCA Nikki Davidson said: “It has been fantastic. It makes us feel like part of the team as we can give the District Nurses proper information. I’m able to say what a patient’s pressure ulcer is like now, and can even tell the grade.”
Working in people’s homes, the HCAs have the most day-to-day contact with patients and their families as they deal with personal care and basic needs. “In the old days, we weren’t taken much notice of,” says HCA Nicola Gibson. “The nurses listen now because we have the confidence to make ourselves heard, and we know the right terms to use. They are taking us much more seriously.”
The HCAs credit Ally with devising an on-the-job training programme that they can complete in breaks and downtime while on the road. “She has been so supportive of us,” says Nicola. “Now we want to do more.”
Ally is up for that, and for extending the training to the social work care teams that also visit vulnerable people at home. “Integration is essential,” she says. “This is one way of helping it happen.”
Ally is certain that getting in early, preventing complications and empowering patients to learn more about their condition and to self-manage is the way to go. The Speyside Leg Club is proof of that. Evidence shows that over 57% of leg ulcers managed there are completely healed after 12 months, and recurrence rates are among the lowest in the UK. The Leg Club has reduced hospital admission rates, and it is reckoned to have saved NHS Grampian more than £100,000 over the last five years alone.
Community nurse Patricia Johnstone and HCA Yvonne Coutts look forward to working there every week. “If someone’s worried about their blood pressure, we’ll check that and signpost appropriately as it saves people having to go elsewhere,” says Patricia. “It’s more relaxing here than in a doctor’s waiting room as well, so blood pressures are usually on an even keel.”
Should advice be required, the community nurses have a direct line to lymphoedema specialists in Elgin and Aberdeen, who are happy to be consulted. But most of their work is about holistic patient engagement. “It’s amazing what you find out about the other things that are going on in people’s lives,” says Yvonne. “We offer a listening ear as well as treatment for legs.”
The Leg Club is a partnership between a volunteer community-led committee and the NHS, which provides the venue and the nursing staff, but none of the equipment. The Doppler scanner, for instance, was bought with money raised by the Leg Club’s 400 members from tombolas, bake sales and toffee-making, and local businesses provide sponsorship.
“It’s a powerful collaboration between communities, patients and clinicians that makes a real difference and shows the way ahead,” says Ally. “Everyone should have access to a service like this. It’s not rocket science, just what people deserve.”
Written by Pennie Taylor
Kay Boyde started her nursing career in the early 1970s after completing her training as a Queen’s District Nurse in Glasgow. A qualified nurse and midwife, her first post was in the east end of the city covering areas such as Royston, Denistoun and Tollcross. She stayed in her district nurse post until 1980 before taking up a job working as nursing officer for the then Strathclyde Police. After three years, she returned to her roots and went back to district nursing in Glasgow’s east end – where she remained in post until retiring in 2008.
Here, she talks about why she chose nursing as a career and offers some words of wisdom…
1. What inspired you to become a nurse?
It was the only thing I ever wanted to do – since I was about two years old. My dad had wanted me to be a PE teacher but at the age of 16 I went to Hastings to be a cadet nurse and then went on 18 months later to start my nurse training. I knew it was what I was going to do with my life – I just loved it.
2. What was the best thing about working in the community?
Being a district nurse is a big part of my identity and I always saw nursing in the community as a two-way learning process. People are so wonderfully diverse and you get so much back from seeing them at home in the community where they live and work. It was also complete nursing care – from very young babies to people at the end of their lives. I think nursing in the community allows you to get to know the families and respond to the needs of the area
3. What was the most challenging aspect of being a community nurse?
It would be wrong of me to say it was challenge because I just absolutely loved being a district nurse. There was a lot of thinking outside the box involved in the job and the challenge was maybe overcoming problems when they came up, such as staffing. If there was a problem with staffing numbers, you could work through it and take the good with the bad. IT problems could also be challenging
4. What changed the most from the time you started nursing until you retired?
The diversity of the population of the area I was covering and changes to community care are the first things that spring to mind.
5. How have you continued to work in the community since retiring?
I am very proud to be a Queen’s Nurse visitor which means I visit elderly retired Queen’s Nurses and help them to attend events and meet for coffee. I also visit other elderly people in the community that my mum knew. A few years ago I applied to be a Clydesider volunteer during the Glasgow Commonwealth Games and I had great delight in being accepted. I had a wonderful fortnight and had an absolute ball.
6. What words of wisdom would you give anyone just starting out in their community nursing career?
I would say to them to follow their dream, find out what the needs of the area are and see if there is anything they can implement in a preventative way to assist them and reduce the number of admissions to caseload hospital. I would advise them not to be task orientated but to recognise the need of each patient as they are all individuals. But most of all, I would say listen to the people you are caring for.
The career change to nursing has not been an easy task, with those a little older like myself, it can uproot life as you know it. I decided to join a degree in nursing as I was turning 30, with a husband and 2 year old child. The juggling of home life and training is very difficult, I won’t pretend having a toddler, studying, and working is fun but it is definitely interesting and keeps you busy. I rely on the support of my family for childcare and the encouragement to keep going. Keeping the end in sight and setting goals help me get through busy and exhausting times, I often look at the course in sections and encourage myself to finish each one instead of seeing a whole year at a time. I’m always excited to start placement and find this is where most people feel at home the most. The complexities of nursing have been one of the most educational aspects of my learning so far, realising we all have a general degree but can go into a vast array of fields can be both daunting and exciting.
I feel one of the most underrated sectors among students is community nursing. When allocated a placement with district nurses the first thoughts are; it won’t be exciting, it won’t be busy, it won’t be as educational as a ward. I urge students to look past this as the experience gained from the community is vast. District nurses have undergone a master’s degree and community nurses usually have incredible knowledge from years of work on various wards. The patients you are vising have a wide range of complaints and your ability to work with the multidisciplinary team is vital. You must be confident in working alone and the clinical skills you can gain are extensive.
After finishing my first community placement and on coming back to university, I had several discussions with those who had been on a busy ward. To my surprise I had undertaken far more hands on skills and realised I was one on one with my mentor at all times and spent every day discussing our patients, this is something a busy ward does not allow time for. Above all the most important skill to witness was how person and family centred community nursing is, it is incredibly rewarding and I ask all students to embrace it as the education gained is significant. I wish every student luck with their course and encourage everyone to keep going, its not easy but it will be worth it once we have that blue uniform on.
Helena Buley, 2nd Year Adult Nursing Student at Robert Gordon University.